Most GQD’s available today are based on bulk Graphene sources which in turn are based on Graphite raw materials. This makes GQD’s extremely expensive, with a high cost production processes manufacturing very small amounts of GQD’s. Dotz Nano’s technological production of GQD’s is based on the process developed by Rice University’s Prof. James Tour, one of the leading, if not premier, scientists and listed as one of the 50 most influential scientists in the world today.

This technology sources GQD’s from cheap Coal in a much cheaper and efficient production process. Using a simple and efficient production process Dotz Nano will profitably penetrate the market in several different applications. GQDs are derived from various coals, producing GQDs between 2 and 40 nanometers, with small round layers atop larger, thinner layers. Due to their source, the dots are water-soluble and nontoxic. This offers the promise that GQDs may serve as effective antioxidants and can be used with great benefit in the Medical Imaging market as the dots show robust performance as fluorescent agents. With their characteristics, Dotz GQD’s resist photobleaching, a known and problematic trait of fluorescent spectroscopy. Low cost of the raw material will also be a benefit. High quality Graphite is $2,000 per ton while cheaper graphite is $800 per ton from China. Coal is $10 to $60 per ton. Coal is the cheapest for producing GQDs, and the process offers a 20-25% production yield.